过了腊八就是年!”腊八节“用英语怎么说?
    2019-01-13

           腊八,是在每年的腊月初八,都说过完腊八节,就快到新年了,每年的腊八节,人们都会准备腊八粥,这个是中国各地的传统习俗,腊八粥的历史已经有一千多年了,一直到今天。

           话不多少,跟着小E一起来学习关于腊八节的英文知识.


    腊八节 ︳Laba Festival



    Laba Festival:腊八,即农历十二月初八,古人有祭祀祖先和神灵、祈求丰收吉祥的传统,一些地区有喝腊八粥的习俗。相传这一天还是佛祖释迦牟尼成道之日,称为“法宝节”,是佛教盛大的节日之一。


    the 8th day of the last month of the Chinese lunar calendar:阴历腊月初八

    hand out the free porridge:施粥

    swarm in:指人们蜂拥而入

    Laba is celebrated on the eighth day of the last lunar month, referring to the traditional start of celebrations for the Chinese New Year.

    腊八是农历十二月的第八天,是欢庆春节的开始。


    La (腊) in Chinese means 

    the 12th lunar month and ba means eight.

    汉语里,“腊”的意思是第十二个月,“八”的意思是八。

    Legends about the origin of this festival . One holds that over 3,000 years ago sacrificial rites called La (腊) were held in the twelfth lunar monthwhen people offered up their preys to the gods of heaven and earth

    .

    关于这个节日的起源有很多种说法。有一种说法是大约3000年前,一种祭祀仪式叫做“腊”,会在农历十二月举行。人们向天上和地下的神献出他们的猎物。


    The Chinese characters for prey (猎) and the twelfth month (腊La) were interchangeable then, and ever since La has been used to refer to both. Since the festival was held on the eighth day of the Last month,people later appended the number eight (ba in Chinese), giving us the current Laba.


    那时候,表示猎物的汉字“猎”和表示农历十二月的“腊”是可以通用的。从那时候起,“腊”就用来指这两种意思了。因为这个节日是在最后一个月的第八天举行的,后来人们就加上了“八”,于是就有了现在的腊八。

    腊八粥的由来

    The eight-treasure porridge was first introduced to China in  Song Dynasty about 900 years ago.

    八宝粥最开始出现是在900年前的宋朝。


    Buddhism was well accepted in the areas inhabited by the Han Chinese, who believed that Sakyamuni, the first Buddha and founder of the religion, attained enlighten menton the eighth day of the twelfth month. Sutras were chanted in the temples andrice porridge with beans, nuts and dried fruit was prepared for the Buddha. 

    那时候佛教已经被信奉佛祖释迦牟尼的汉族人广泛接受。传说佛祖在十二月初八受到教化。人们会为佛祖准备好有豆子、坚果和干果的大米粥,寺庙里也会唱起佛经。


    With the passing of time the custom extended, especially in rural areas where peasants would pray for a plentiful harvest in this way.

    随着时间的推移,这种习俗就传播出去了,尤其在农村,会用会用花生煮粥祈祷一年的好收成。

    腊八节都吃些什么?

    腊月民俗首先从喝腊八粥开始,然后人们要扫房、请香、祭灶、写春联、办年货,直到除夕夜。


    laba porridge

    腊八粥食材

    Rice  大米

    Millet  小米;

    Glutinous Rice  糯米;

    Red Beans  红豆;

    Mung bean  绿豆

    Peanuts  花生;

    Dried Lotus Seeds  莲子

    Jujube  大枣

    Walnut  核桃

    Raisin  葡萄干

    Laba noodle

    腊八面

    Laba garlic

    腊八蒜

    Laba bean curd

    腊八豆腐

    Laba vinegar

    腊八醋

    南京英孚青少儿英语祝家长和孩子们腊八节快乐

    同时提醒大家不要忘记喝腊八粥哦!


         *图片来源于网络,如有侵权请联系删除

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